A concurrent pictorial drug choice task marks multiple risk factors in treatment-engaged smokers and drinkers.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/11287/620851
Title:
A concurrent pictorial drug choice task marks multiple risk factors in treatment-engaged smokers and drinkers.
Authors:
Hardy, L.; Parker, Steph; Hartley, L.; Hogarth, L.
Abstract:
Concurrent choice tasks, where participants choose between a drug versus natural reward, predict dependence vulnerability in animals and humans. However, the sensitivity of concurrent choice tasks to multiple risk factors in treatment-engaged drug users has not been comprehensively tested. In experiment 1, 33 recently hospitalized smokers who were engaged with the smoking cessation service made forced choices between enlarging pictures of people smoking versus not smoking. In experiment 2, 48 drinkers who were engaged in an outpatient alcohol treatment service made forced choices between enlarging pictures of alcohol versus food. In these experiments, percent drug picture choice was significantly associated with dependence severity, craving, self-reported reasons for drug use (negative coping and cued craving), depression, anxiety, withdrawal intolerance, drug use frequency prior to treatment, and current abstinence status (coefficients ranged from r=0.39 to 0.66). The concurrent pictorial drug choice task is sensitive to multiple risk factors in clinical, treatment-engaged drug users, and may be used to identify individuals requiring more support, to test experimental treatment manipulations, and to translate to animal concurrent self-administration procedures.
Citation:
A concurrent pictorial drug choice task marks multiple risk factors in treatment-engaged smokers and drinkers. 2018 Behav Pharmacol
Publisher:
Wolters Kluwer
Journal:
Behavioural pharmacology
Issue Date:
30-Aug-2018
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/11287/620851
DOI:
10.1097/FBP.0000000000000421
PubMed ID:
30169375
Additional Links:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/FBP.0000000000000421
Type:
Journal Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1473-5849
Appears in Collections:
Pharmacy; 2018 RD&E publications

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorHardy, L.en
dc.contributor.authorParker, Stephen
dc.contributor.authorHartley, L.en
dc.contributor.authorHogarth, L.en
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-04T11:18:25Z-
dc.date.available2018-10-04T11:18:25Z-
dc.date.issued2018-08-30-
dc.identifier.citationA concurrent pictorial drug choice task marks multiple risk factors in treatment-engaged smokers and drinkers. 2018 Behav Pharmacolen
dc.identifier.issn1473-5849-
dc.identifier.pmid30169375-
dc.identifier.doi10.1097/FBP.0000000000000421-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11287/620851-
dc.description.abstractConcurrent choice tasks, where participants choose between a drug versus natural reward, predict dependence vulnerability in animals and humans. However, the sensitivity of concurrent choice tasks to multiple risk factors in treatment-engaged drug users has not been comprehensively tested. In experiment 1, 33 recently hospitalized smokers who were engaged with the smoking cessation service made forced choices between enlarging pictures of people smoking versus not smoking. In experiment 2, 48 drinkers who were engaged in an outpatient alcohol treatment service made forced choices between enlarging pictures of alcohol versus food. In these experiments, percent drug picture choice was significantly associated with dependence severity, craving, self-reported reasons for drug use (negative coping and cued craving), depression, anxiety, withdrawal intolerance, drug use frequency prior to treatment, and current abstinence status (coefficients ranged from r=0.39 to 0.66). The concurrent pictorial drug choice task is sensitive to multiple risk factors in clinical, treatment-engaged drug users, and may be used to identify individuals requiring more support, to test experimental treatment manipulations, and to translate to animal concurrent self-administration procedures.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherWolters Kluweren
dc.relation.urlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1097/FBP.0000000000000421en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Behavioural pharmacologyen
dc.subjectWessex Classification Subject Headings::Pharmacologyen
dc.titleA concurrent pictorial drug choice task marks multiple risk factors in treatment-engaged smokers and drinkers.en
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.identifier.journalBehavioural pharmacologyen
dc.type.versionIn press (epub ahead of print)en
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